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Pulmonary

Last 50 Pulmonary Postings

(Click on title to be directed to posting, most recent listed first, CME offerings in Bold)

Tip of the Iceberg: 18F-FDG PET/CT Diagnoses Extensively Disseminated 
   Coccidioidomycosis with Cutaneous Lesions
July 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Correlation between the Severity of Chronic Inflammatory Respiratory
   Disorders and the Frequency of Venous Thromboembolism: Meta-Analysis
June 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
May 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
April 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
March 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
February 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
January 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
December 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Inhaler Device Preferences in Older Adults with Chronic Lung Disease
November 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Tobacco Company Campaign Contributions and Congressional Support
   of the Cigar Bill
October 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
September 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
August 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
July 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
June 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
May 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
April 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Pulmonary Embolism and Pulmonary Hypertension in the Setting of
   Negative Computed Tomography
March 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
February 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
January 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Interval Development of Multiple Sub-Segmental Pulmonary Embolism in
   Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Bronchiolitis and Pneumonia
December 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month
November 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Why Chronic Constipation May be Harmful to Your Lungs
Traumatic Hemoptysis Complicating Pulmonary Amyloidosis
Staphylococcus aureus Sternal Osteomyelitis: a Rare Cause of Chest Pain
Safety and Complications of Bronchoscopy in an Adult Intensive Care Unit
October 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: I've Heard of Katy
   Perry
Pulmonary Hantavirus Syndrome: Case Report and Brief Review
September 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Holy Smoke
August 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Holy Sheep
Reducing Readmissions after a COPD Exacerbation: A Brief Review
July 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: A Crazy Case
June 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Collapse of the Left Upper
   Lobe
Lung Herniation: An Unusual Cause of Chest Pain
Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis): Tutorial for Primary Care Professionals
Common Mistakes in Managing Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis
May 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Pneumonia with a Rash
April 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Get Down
March 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Sticks and Stones May
   Break My Bronchi
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Presenting As Cryptogenic Organizing 
   Pneumonia: Case Report
February 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Severe Asthma
January 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: More Red Wine, Every
   Time

 

For complete pulmonary listings click here.

The Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care publishes articles broadly related to pulmonary medicine including thoracic surgery, transplantation, airways disease, pediatric pulmonology, anesthesiolgy, pharmacology, nursing  and more. Manuscripts may be either basic or clinical original investigations or review articles. Potential authors of review articles are encouraged to contact the editors before submission, however, unsolicited review articles will be considered.

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Saturday
Apr012017

April 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD

Pulmonary Department

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ USA

 

History of Present Illness

A 63-year-old woman with a prior diagnosis of possible rheumatoid arthritis was referred for dyspnea with more vigorous activities in Prescott where she now lives (elevation 5367 ft.). She is receiving hydroxychloroquine 400 mg/day.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

She has a past medical history of hypertension. She smoked about a pack per day from age 20 to 40. There is a history of colon cancer in her mother and  lung cancer in a sister.

Physical Examination

  • Vitals: BP 155/102, SpO2 93% on room air
  • Chest: slightly decreased breath sounds but clear
  • Cardiovascular:  regular rhythm without murmur
  • Extremities:  no cyanosis, clubbing or edema
  • The remainder of the physical examination is normal

What testing would you perform at this time? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of five pages)

  1. Chest X-ray
  2. Pulmonary function testing
  3. Rheumatoid factor
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Wesselius LJ. April 2017 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;14(4):129-33. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc040-17 PDF

Wednesday
Mar012017

March 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Maxwell L. Smith, MD 

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ USA

 

History of Present Illness

The patient is 52-year-old man who complained of dyspnea on exertion and a dry cough.

 

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

He had a history of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and was taking a proton pump inhibitor.

He never smoked and had no known exposures.

Family history was noncontributory.

 

Physical Examination

Physical Examination was unremarkable.

 

Chest X-ray

A chest x-ray was reported as normal.

Which of the following are indicated? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of five pages)

  1. Chest CT scan
  2. Endoscopy/bronchoscopy
  3. Pulmonary function testing
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above 

Cite as: Smith ML. March 2017 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;14(3):89-93. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc014-17 PDF

Wednesday
Feb012017

February 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Abdalla Fadda, MD

Phoenix VA and Banner University Medical Center Phoenix

Phoenix, AZ USA

  

History of Present Illness

A 45-year-old man presented with weight loss, copious amounts of light green sputum, low grade fever and chest discomfort on the right. He had moved to Arizona 8 months ago. Two months later he developed hemoptysis and had increased cough with copious phlegm. He denied any fever, chills, malaise or fatigue.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

He has a history of tuberculosis in 2010 treated with 4 drug therapy for a year. The tuberculosis was not drug resistant. He had been treated with a 6-month course of voriconazole about 2 years ago.

Physical Examination

He was afebrile and his vital signs were unremarkable. He had decreased breath sounds in his right lower chest.

Laboratory

His CBC, electrolytes and urinalysis were unremarkable.

Chest Radiography

His admission chest x-ray is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Admission PA of chest.

In regards to the chest x-ray which of the following are true? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of six pages)

  1. There are cavities in the right lung
  2. There is a large right pleural effusion
  3. There is volume loss in the right lung
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Fadda A. February 2017 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;14(2):45-53. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc005-17 PDF

Sunday
Jan012017

January 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Jamie Bering, MD

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD

 

Department of Pulmonary Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ

 

History of Present Illness

The patient is a 53-year-old woman transferred for acute respiratory failure and hemoptysis. She has a prior history of antiphospholipid syndrome and recurrent diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). She was admitted to another hospital about 2 weeks prior to transfer with hypoxic respiratory failure which ultimately required intubation. Bronchoscopy revealed a bloody aspirate raising concerns for recurrent DAH. She was started on high-dose solumedrol and extubated after 4 days. One week later, her respiratory status decompensated and her chest x-ray showed worsening diffuse bilateral opacities concerning for recurrent DAH. She was transferred to the Mayo Clinic Arizona for further evaluation. Upon arrival, she required 50% FiO2 by face mask to maintain adequate oxygenation and was started on broad-spectrum antibiotics. Her corticosteroids were tapered to 20 mg prednisone daily.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

She has a history of a mitral valve replacement with a St. Jude’s mechanical mitral valve and was on chronic anticoagulation with warfarin. In addition, there was a history of moderate aortic stenosis with moderate aortic insufficiency.

She had a history of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and possible systemic lupus erythematosus.

Medications

  • Dapsone 100mg daily
  • Ethacrynic acid 75mg daily
  • Gabapentin 900mg QHS
  • Lisinopril 20mg daily
  • Meropenem 1g Q8 hrs
  • Metoprolol 50 mg BID
  • Prednisone 20mg daily
  • Simvastatin 40mg QHS
  • Vancomycin 1.5g Q12 hrs
  • Warfarin 4mg T,F; 3mg SMWRSa

Physical Examination

  • Vitals: T 36.3 C; HR 79 beats/min; BP 100/63 mm Hg; RR 26 breaths/min; SpO2 99% face mask
  • Gen: no acute distress
  • HEENT: hematoma on chin
  • Lungs: clear to auscultation and percussion
  • Cardiac: Mechanical valve click

Laboratory

  • CBC: WBC 15,900 cells per microliter (mcL); Hemoglobin 9.1 g/dL; hematocrit 29%; platelet count 156,000 cells per microliter.
  • Electrolytes: within normal limits.
  • BUN and creatinine: within normal limits.
  • Blood sugar: 220 mg/dL.

Radiography

Her initial chest x-ray is shown in Figure 1.

 

Figure 1. Initial chest radiograph.

Which of the following best describes the chest x-ray? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of four pages)

  1. Diffuse lung consolidation
  2. Previous median sternotomy
  3. Previous mitral valve replacement
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Bering J, Wesselius LJ. January 2017 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016;14(1):1-5. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc146-16 PDF

Thursday
Dec012016

December 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD

Department of Pulmonary Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ

 

Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Lewis J. Wesselius, MD.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives:
As a result of this activity I will be better able to:

  1. Correctly interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Will be better able to establsh the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Will improve the translation of the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Will integrate new treatment options in discussing available treatment alternatives for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2015-December 31, 2016

Financial Support Received: None

 

History of Present Illness

The patient is a 29-year-old man who presented to the emergency room with right-sided pleuritic chest pain, fever, cough, and progressive dyspnea over 2 weeks.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

He had no prior significant medical issues and had been well until 2 weeks ago. A native of India, he has been in the US for about 5 months and works at American Express. He is a nonsmoker. Family history is noncontributory.

Physical Examination

  • Vitals signs: Temperature 38.0 C, Blood Pressure 155/85 mm Hg, Heart Rate 140 beats/min, Respirations 24 breaths/min
  • General: Appears to be in moderate pain and respiratory distress
  • Lungs: Decreased breath sounds on the right
  • Heart: regular rhythm with a tachycardia
  • Abdomen: unremarkable
  • Extremities: unremarkable
  • Neurologic: unremarkable

Radiography

His initial chest x-ray is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Initial chest radiograph.

Which of the following best describes the chest x-ray? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of seven pages)

  1. Elevated right hemidiaphragm
  2. Large right pleural effusion
  3. Right lower lobe and middle lobe consolidation
  4. Right lung atelectasis
  5. None of the above

Cite as: Wesselius LJ. December 2016 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016;13(6):268-75. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc122-16 PDF