Pulmonary

Last 50 Pulmonary Postings

(Click on title to be directed to posting, most recent listed first, CME offerings in Bold)

April 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
March 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
February 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
January 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month
December 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Inhaler Device Preferences in Older Adults with Chronic Lung Disease
November 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Tobacco Company Campaign Contributions and Congressional Support
   of the Cigar Bill
October 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
September 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
August 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
July 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
June 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
May 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
April 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Pulmonary Embolism and Pulmonary Hypertension in the Setting of
   Negative Computed Tomography
March 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
February 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
January 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Interval Development of Multiple Sub-Segmental Pulmonary Embolism in
Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Bronchiolitis and Pneumonia
December 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month
November 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month
Why Chronic Constipation May be Harmful to Your Lungs
Traumatic Hemoptysis Complicating Pulmonary Amyloidosis
Staphylococcus aureus Sternal Osteomyelitis: a Rare Cause of Chest Pain
Safety and Complications of Bronchoscopy in an Adult Intensive Care Unit
October 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: I've Heard of Katy
   Perry
Pulmonary Hantavirus Syndrome: Case Report and Brief Review
September 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Holy Smoke
August 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Holy Sheep
Reducing Readmissions after a COPD Exacerbation: A Brief Review
July 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: A Crazy Case
June 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Collapse of the Left Upper
   Lobe
Lung Herniation: An Unusual Cause of Chest Pain
Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis): Tutorial for Primary Care Professionals
Common Mistakes in Managing Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis
May 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Pneumonia with a Rash
April 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Get Down
March 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Sticks and Stones May
   Break My Bronchi
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Presenting As Cryptogenic Organizing 
   Pneumonia: Case Report
February 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Severe Asthma
January 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: More Red Wine, Every
   Time
December 2014 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Bronchiolitis in Adults
November 2014 Pulmonary Case of the Month: BAL Eosinophilia
How Does Genetics Influence Valley Fever? Research Underway Now To
   Answer This Question
October 2014 Pulmonary Case of the Month: A Big Clot
September 2014 Pulmonary Case of the Month: A Case for Biblical
   Scholars

 

For complete pulmonary listings click here.

The Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care publishes articles broadly related to pulmonary medicine including thoracic surgery, transplantation, airways disease, pediatric pulmonology, anesthesiolgy, pharmacology, nursing  and more. Manuscripts may be either basic or clinical original investigations or review articles. Potential authors of review articles are encouraged to contact the editors before submission, however, unsolicited review articles will be considered.

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Monday
Aug012016

August 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Anjuli M. Brighton, MB, BCh, BAO

Kathryn E. Williams, MB, BCh, BAO

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD

 

Pulmonary Department

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ USA

 

Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Anjuli M. Brighton, MB.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives:
As a result of this activity I will be better able to:

  1. Correctly interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Will be better able to establsh the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Will improve the translation of the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Will integrate new treatment options in discussing available treatment alternatives for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2015-December 31, 2016

Financial Support Received: None

 

History of Present Illness

The patient is 54-year-old man with type 1 diabetes mellitus admitted for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). He complained of somnolence, nausea and vomiting and right foot pain. He had been admitted 2 weeks earlier for right foot gangrene. He had been receiving daptomycin for his right foot gangrene.

PMH, SH and FH

He had a previous history of osteomyelitis, perianal abscess, maxillary abscess, Candida esophagitis, transient ischemic attack, and peripheral vascular disease. He had previous amputations along with thrombectomy/ embolectomy/bypass. He was a former Marine and construction worker with ongoing cigarette use. Family history was noncontributory.

Physical Examination

  • Febrile to 38.2ºC
  • Crackles bilaterally
  • Transmetatarsal stump with dry gangrene

Radiography

An admission chest x-ray was performed (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Admission portable AP of chest.

Which of the following are appropriate at this time? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of four panels)

  1. Blood and wound cultures
  2. Empiric antibiotics including coverage for Staphylococcus aureus
  3. Intravenous insulin and fluids
  4. Serially monitor renal function and electrolytes
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Brighton AM, Williams KE, Wesselius LJ. August 2016 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016;13(2):40-5. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc070-16  PDF 

Friday
Jul012016

July 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Kashif Yaqub, MD

Robert Viggiano, MD

Imran S. Malik, MD

Zayn A. Mian

 

Department of Pulmonary Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ USA

 

Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Kashif Yaqub, MD.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives:
As a result of this activity I will be better able to:

  1. Correctly interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Will be better able to establsh the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Will improve the translation of the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Will integrate new treatment options in discussing available treatment alternatives for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2015-December 31, 2016

Financial Support Received: None

 

History of Present Illness

A 53 year-old woman presented to the emergency department with dyspnea over 3 weeks. There was no cough, wheezing or other complaints.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

She has no significant past medical history. She was a nonsmoker. Family history was unremarkable.

Physical Examination

Decreased breath sounds over the left lower chest but otherwise unremarkable.

Laboratory Evaluation

  • Elevated white blood cell count with a left shift
  • Na+ 130 mEq/L
  • 10-20 RBCs on urinalysis

Radiographic Evaluation

A CT angiogram of the chest was performed for possible pulmonary embolus (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Representative images from the thoracic CT in lung windows (A) and soft tissue windows (B).

Which of the following is appropriate at this time? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of six panels)

  1. Biopsy of left pleural mass
  2. Bone marrow aspiration
  3. Diuretics for congestive heart failure
  4. Empiric antibiotics for empyema
  5. Thoracentesis

Cite as: Yaqub K, Viggiano R, Malik IS, Mian AZ. July 2016 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016;13(1):1-8. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc051-16 PDF

Wednesday
Jun012016

June 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Katie Murphy, MB BCh BAO1

Henry D. Tazelaar, MD2

Laszlo T. Vaszar, MD3

 

1Departments of Internal Medicine, 2Laboratory Medicine and Pathology and 3Pulmonary Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ USA

 

Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Katie Murphy, MB.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives:
As a result of this activity I will be better able to:

  1. Correctly interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Will be better able to establsh the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Will improve the translation of the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Will integrate new treatment options in discussing available treatment alternatives for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2015-December 31, 2016

Financial Support Received: None

 

History of Present Illness

A 77-year-old gentleman presented with 6 weeks of:

  • Sinus congestion
  • Bloody nasal discharge
  • Cough with maroon sputum
  • Dyspnea
  • Hearing loss
  • Painful peripheral neuropathy
  • Left median neuropathy and left foot drop
  • Fevers

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

  • No significant past medical history
  • Retired
  • Does not smoke
  • Family history is noncontributory

Physical Examination

  • Temperature of 37.8º C
  • Bloody nasal discharge
  • Lungs clear to auscultation and percussion
  • Heart with a regular rhythm without murmur
  • Neurologic findings consistent with his complaints

Laboratory Evaluation

  • Elevated white blood cell count with a left shift
  • Na+ 130 mEq/L
  • 10-20 RBCs on urinalysis

Radiographic Evaluation

Initial chest x-day is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Initial PA radiograph of chest.

Which of the following is (are) the next appropriate steps in the evaluation? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of five panels)

  1. Transthoracic echocardiogram
  2. Treat with macrolide antibiotics for outpatient pneumonia
  3. Thoracic CT scan
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Murphy K, Tazelaar HD, Vaszar LT. June 2016 pulmonary case of the month. Soutwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016 Jun;12(6):205-11. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc041-16 PDF

Sunday
May012016

May 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Jennifer M. Hall, DO

Banner University Medical Center Phoenix

Phoenix, AZ USA

 

Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Jennifer M. Hall, DO.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives:
As a result of this activity I will be better able to:

  1. Correctly interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Will be better able to establsh the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Will improve the translation of the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Will integrate new treatment options in discussing available treatment alternatives for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2015-December 31, 2016

Financial Support Received: None

History of Present Illness

A 24-year-old woman was diagnosed with pneumonia while on her honeymoon in Europe. She received an unknown treatment as an outpatient. When she returned a repeat chest x-ray showed persistent lung infiltrates. At that time she was asymptomatic. She was referred to pulmonary for further evaluation.

Past Medical History, Family History, Social History

  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura at age 8
  • Recurrent “bronchitis” since childhood
  • Lifelong non-smoker, occasional ETOH, no illicit drugs
  • No significant family history, other than hypertension in her father

Physical Examination

She had bibasilar fine crackles (fine) otherwise her physical examination was unremarkable.

Radiography

A chest x-ray was performed and interpreted as showing bilateral basilar interstitial infiltrates (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Chest x-ray showing bibasilar interstitial infiltrates.

To better define the abnormalities on chest x-ray a thoracic CT scan was performed (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Representative images from the thoracic CT scan in lung windows.

Based on the CT scan, which of the following diagnosis is least likely? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of five panels)

  1. Hematogenous metastasis
  2. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
  3. Lymphangitic metastasis
  4. Miliary tuberculosis
  5. Sarcoidosis

Cite as: Hall JM. May 2016 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016 May;12(5):165-70. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc037-16 PDF 

Friday
Apr012016

April 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD

Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba, MD 

 

Department of Pulmonary Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ

 

Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Lewis J. Wesselius, MD.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives:
As a result of this activity I will be better able to:

  1. Correctly interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Will be better able to establsh the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Will improve the translation of the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Will integrate new treatment options in discussing available treatment alternatives for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2015-December 31, 2016

Financial Support Received: None

 

History of Present Illness

The patient is a 75-year-old woman who presented with a chest mass incidentally found on chest x-ray. She was asymptomatic

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

She has no significant past medical history and has never smoked. Family history is noncontributory.

Physical Examination

Physical examination was unremarkable.

Radiography

A thoracic CT scan was performed (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Representative thoracic CT scan in soft tissue windows showing  a mass (arrow).

Which of the following are possible causes of the mass? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of four panels)

  1. Lymphoma
  2. Teratoma
  3. Thymoma
  4. Thyroid carcinoma
  5. All of the above 

Cite as: Wesselius LJ, Cartin-Ceba R. April 2016 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016 Apr;12(4):126-9. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc032-16 PDF