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Wednesday
Aug012018

August 2018 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Arooj Kayani, MD

Richard Sue, MD

Banner University Medical Center Phoenix

Phoenix, AZ USA

 

Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last page of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Arooj Kayani, MD. All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives: As a result of completing this activity, participants will be better able to:

  1. Interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Establish the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Translate the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Integrate new treatment options for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2017-December 31, 201

Financial Support Received: None

 

History of Present Illness

A 59-year-old woman referred because of worsening dyspnea over the past 2 months along with cough and wheezing. She has a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is on continuous oxygen @ 2 L/min.

PMH, SH, and FH

In addition to her COPD she has a history of hypothyroidism, pneumonia, tonsillectomy, hip lipoma resection, hysterectomy, and a herniorrhaphy. She has a 30 pack-year history of smoking. She currently smokes half pack/day. No family history of lung disease or cancer.

Medications

  • Fluticasone/salmeterol
  • Tiotropium
  • Albuterol
  • Levothyroxine

Physical Examination

  • Vitals: HR 79/min, BP 100/69 mmHg, RR 16/min, SpO2 92% on 2 L/min.
  • General: Alert and oriented. Healthy appearing in no distress.
  • Lungs: Expiratory stridor and expiratory wheezing loudest over left lung. No crackles.
  • Cardiac: Regular rhythm with no murmurs. No edema.
  • The remainder of physical examination was unremarkable.

Which of the following should be performed? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of four pages)

  1. Spirometry
  2. Sputum Gram stain, AFB stain, and fungal stain with cultures
  3. Thoracic CT scan
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Kayani A, Sue R. August 2018 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2018;17(2):47-52. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc093-18 PDF 

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