Search Journal-type in search term and press enter
Social Media-Follow Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care on Facebook and Twitter

Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

Last 50 Postings

(Click on title to be directed to posting, most recent listed first)

November 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
April 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
February 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
December 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
October 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2013 Council of Chapter Representatives Notes
May 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
April 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes 
March 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2013 Council of Chapter Representatives Meeting 
and “Hill Day” Notes
February 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
October 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2012 Special Meeting Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2012 Council of Chapter Representatives Meeting
May 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
April 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2012 “Hill Day” and Council of Chapter
Representatives Meeting Notes
March 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
February 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

 

For a complete list of the Arizona Thoracic Society notes click here.

The Arizona Thoracic Society meets every other month in Phoenix, usually on the fourth Wednesday of odd numbered months, from 6:30-8:00  PM at Scottsdale Healthcare Shea Hospital located at Shea and 90th Street in Phoenix. During these meetings dinner and case presentations occur.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Thursday
Nov162017

November 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The November 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, November 15, 2017 at the HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting with a lecture followed by case presentations. There were 15 in attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, allergy, infectious disease and radiology communities.

At the beginning of the meeting several issues were discussed:

  1. CME offered by the Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (SWJPCC) is currently offered to only the Southwest state thoracic societies and the Mayo Clinic. After discussion it was felt that this restriction of access was no longer appropriate and CME credits should be available to all.
  2. Efforts continue to obtain CME for the Arizona Thoracic Society meetings. Our Chapter Representative, Dr. Gerry Schwartzberg, is approaching this with the American Thoracic Society. Locally, HonorHealth sent out a survey on CME needs. Members were encouraged to fill out the survey suggesting HonorHealth offer CME for these meetings.
  3. No one was able to attend the last Tobacco 21 meeting in late October. In order to keep the Arizona Thoracic Society in the loop, Dr. Rick Robbins will contact the American Lung Association to clarify if any legislation has been proposed for this year. 
  4. Dr. Robbins also proposed conducting a survey of members through the SWJPCC rating various insurance plans.

“Eosinophils: A Potent Contributor to Disease in Severe Asthma” was presented by Kevin Murphy, MD from the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha.

Dr. Murphy reviewed the pathophysiology of eosinophils in asthma making use of a figure from Nat Immunol 2015;16:45-56. He also described the clinical usage of benralizumab made by AstraZeneca, the sponsor of the talk. Benralizumab induces apoptosis of eosinophils. On Tuesday, the FDA approved benralizumab for the add-on maintenance treatment of patients age 12 years and over with severe asthma with an eosinophilic phenotype. Questions included how an eosinophilic phenotype was defined and if the monoclonal antibody might work in asthma with a neutrophilic phenotype. Although data was lacking it was thought by Dr. Murphy that benralizumab would probably not be beneficial in a neutrophilic phenotype.

There were 4 case presentations:

  1. Dr. Paul Conomos presented a middle-aged woman with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis who has been multiple therapies but none with the success of biologic therapies. She has a history of an atypical Mycobacterium in the skin in 2007 and on chest x-ray she has progressive lung nodules. She was asymptomatic. Bronchoscopy was nondiagnostic and a needle biopsy of one of the nodules showed granuloma. Discussion on whether to proceed to video-assisted thorascopic surgery (VATS). The majority felt that continued observation was the most appropriate course at this time.
  2. Dr. Lewis Wesselius presented a 52-year-old woman from Iowa with a previous diagnosis of possible sarcoidosis. She complained of a cough and heaviness in her chest. Thoracic CT showed a left hilar mass. Bronchoscopy with endobronchial ultrasound was done in Iowa but was nondiagnostic. A follow-up CT scan showed progression of the mass and that a left lung lesion had developed. Bronchoscopy was nondiagnostic. Histoplasmosis complement-fixing antibodies were positive at 1:16 (normal < 1:8). Needle biopsy of the mass showed chronic inflammation and VATS showed fibrosis with granulomatous inflammation. No cultures from any of the procedures were positive. She was placed on itraconazole and has clinically improved. Dr. Wesselius proposed that perhaps the patient has fibrosis with a variance of fibrosing mediastinitis (1).
  3. Dr. Wesselius presented a 67-ear-old woman he had seen that afternoon with cough and sputum production who had nonpitting edema. Thoracic CT scan showed bronchiectasis but no pleural effusions. The patient’s fingernails were discolored yellow typical of yellow nail syndrome.
  4. Dr. Rick Robbins presented a 69-year-old man from Bismarck, ND who presented with cough and a rash typical erythema nodosum on the right ankle which had been present for 6 months. Chest x-ray showed multiple nodules in the right lung.  Both coccidioidomycosis IgM and IgG were positive. The patient was begun on fluconazole and after a week felt better. In the context of Dr. Gerry Schwartzberg’s recent Medical Image of the Week: Erythema Nodosum, Uncle Jun was right, “They come in threes.” This case would be the third in addition to Dr. Schwartzberg’s two cases.

There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned about 8:30 PM. The next meeting will be in Phoenix in January (date TBA) at 6:30 PM at HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital.

Richard A. Robbins, MD

Reference

  1. Koksal D, Bayiz H, Mutluay N, Koyuncu A, Demirag F, Dagli G, Berktas B, Berkoglu M. Fibrosing mediastinitis mimicking bronchogenic carcinoma. J Thorac Dis. 2013 Feb;5(1):E5-7. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cite as: Robbins RA. November 2017 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;15(5):225-6. doi: https://doi.org/10.13105/swjpcc141-17 PDF

Saturday
Sep302017

September 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The September 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, September 27, 2017 at the HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting with case presentations. There were 16 in attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, and radiology communities.

There was a discussion of the Tobacco 21 bill which had been introduced the last session in the Arizona State Legislature. Since it seems likely that the bill will be reintroduced, the Arizona Thoracic Society will support the bill in the future. Dr. Rick Robbins announced that the SWJPCC has applied to be included in PubMed. In addition, Dr. Robbins was assigned the task of tracking down the campaign contributions to congressional members from the tobacco PAC before the next election.

There were 7 case presentations:

  1. Ashley L. Garrett, MD, pulmonary fellow at Mayo, presented an elderly man with insulin-dependent diabetes who felt he had inhaled a pill. He takes multiple medications and was unsure which pill he might have inhaled. Since the inhalation, he was bothered by coughing.  His chest x-ray was normal. Bronchoscopy revealed severe left lower lobe bronchitis. No pill fragments were seen. He was managed conservatively and his coughing has nearly resolved. A discussion of pill aspiration ensued with an article published in Chest forming the basis for discussion (1).
  2. Paul Conomos, M.D. presented a case of a 57-year-old woman who is largely asymptomatic but has had worsening bronchiectasis on serial CT scans since 2006. She is a nonsmoker. The CT scans show typical tree-in-bud bronchiectasis most marked in the right upper lobe but present in scattered areas throughout both right and left lungs. Her pulmonary function tests showed mild-moderate obstruction. Bronchoscopy times three with bronchoalveolar lavage and cultures has been unrevealing. Alpha-1 antitrypsin levels and esophageal pH monitoring were normal. Sweat chloride was equivocal at 44 and 50 millimoles per liter. Gene sequencing was recommended but too expensive for the patient ($2500, her copay $900). Discussion focused on whether further work up should be done and whether treatment was necessary. Most felt the work up was fairly comprehensive and that treatment was probably not indicated since she was not symptomatic.
  3. Dr. Conomos also presented a second case of an 18-year-old from the Congo who presented with a chronic cough and hemoptysis. PPD was reported by the patient as negative. Physical examination was unremarkable. Chest x-ray showed a right lower lobe mass and thoracic CT scan showed right lower lobe (RLL) bronchiectasis with a question of a foreign body. Bronchoscopy showed obstruction in the lateral subsegment of the RLL with a mass with what appeared to be a stone. The patient was referred to thoracic surgery but returned 6 days later with fever and pleuritic chest pain. Chest x-ray showed RLL pneumonia. The patient underwent a RLL lobectomy. A foreign body was present. In retrospect, his mother recalled him inhaling a super glue cap when he was 7 or 8 years old. He was doing well post-operatively.
  4. Dr. Gerald Schwartzberg presented 3 cases. The first was 43-year-old woman who developed erythema nodosum after a month history of sharp pleuritic chest pain and multiple other systemic complaints. Her eosinophil count was 13% and cocci serologies were weakly positive. Discussion centered on treatment. Most favored treatment although it was agreed that data supporting treatment was lacking.
  5. Dr. Schwartzberg presented a second case of 75-year-old woman with mild COPD on albuterol only. She was a smoker and complained of a cough productive of green sputum. Chest x-ray revealed a large left mass with mucoid impaction. Bronchoscopy revealed hyphae with 45º branches typical of Aspergillus on biopsy. Thoracic CT scan showed bronchiectasis. An IgE was suggested. Several were suspicious of lung cancer and suggested a needle biopsy of the mass.
  6. The last of Dr. Schwartzberg’s cases was a 92-year-old man who was found to have a polyp on upper GI endoscopy and a chest x-ray which showed a mass. Biopsies of both stained positive for melanin and were consistent with malignant melanoma. He was referred to oncology. Discussion centered on whether he should receive treatment.
  7. Dr. Lewis Wesselius presented a 67-year-old man with a right neck mass found in 2015. Biopsy revealed a high-grade sarcomatoid cancer. At that time a CT/PET of the chest was negative. About 6 months later a CT/PET revealed new areas of tracer accumulation within the liver. His chemotherapy was switched to ipilimumab and nivolumab. A repeat CT/PET showed symmetric bilateral mediastinal lymphadenopathy. An endobronchial bronchial ultrasound (EBUS) biopsy of the nodes showed noncaseating granuloma consistent with sarcoidosis. He was begun on corticosteroids and nodes and liver lesions resolved on CT/PET. Discussion centered on sarcoidosis induced by these newer checkpoint inhibitors. It was speculated that drug-induced sarcoidosis might be observed more commonly as these agents are more frequently used (2,3).

There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned about 8 PM. The next meeting will be in Phoenix on Wednesday, November 15, 2017 at 6:30 PM at HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital.

Richard A. Robbins, MD

References

  1. Kinsey CM, Folch E, Majid A, Channick CL. Evaluation and management of pill aspiration: case discussion and review of the literature. Chest. 2013 Jun;143(6):1791-5. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Reuss JE, Kunk PR, Stowman AM, Gru AA, Slingluff CL Jr, Gaughan EM. Sarcoidosis in the setting of combination ipilimumab and nivolumab immunotherapy: a case report & review of the literature. J Immunother Cancer. 2016 Dec 20;4:94. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Danlos FX, Pagès C, Baroudjian B, et al. Nivolumab-induced sarcoid-like granulomatous reaction in a patient with advanced melanoma. Chest. 2016 May;149(5):e133-6. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cite as: Robbins RA. September 2017 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;15(3):122-4. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc118-17 PDF

Thursday
Mar232017

March 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The March 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, March 22, 2017 at the HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting with case presentations. There 11 attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, thoracic surgery and radiology communities.

There was a discussion of supporting the Tobacco 21 bill which had been introduced into the Arizona State Legislature. The bill was assigned to the House Commerce Committee but was not scheduled for a hearing by the Chair-Representative, Jeff Weninger from Chandler. It seems likely that the bill will be reintroduced in the future and the Arizona Thoracic Society will support the bill in the future.

Three cases were presented:

  1. Dr. Bridgett Ronan presented a 57-year-old man with cough and shortness of breath. His physical examination and spirometry were unremarkable. A thoracic CT scan showed large calcified and noncalcified pleural plaques and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. A bronchoscopy showed some mild thickening and a cobblestone appearance of the LUL bronchus. Bronchoalveolar lavage was unremarkable. Biopsy of the LUL bronchus showed noncaseating granuloma. Discussion ensued of whether this was sarcoidosis. Most agreed that calcified pleural plaque-like lesions would be unusual for sarcoidosis and that further investigation with complete pulmonary function testing and perhaps VATS was warranted. Most favored not treating the patient empirically with corticosteroids.
  2. Dr. Lewis Wesselius presented a 41-year-old man was referred because of cough, hemoptysis and recurrent pneumothorax. His thoracic CT showed scattered nodules, some cavitated, with surrounding ground glass opacities. He eventually came to open lung biopsy. A tentative diagnosis of Ehlers-Danlos was made. This will be the April 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month (click to be directed to the case which will be posted on 4/1/17). Please see the entire case presentation for details and discussion.
  3. Dr. Rick Robbins presented a case from Dr. Michael Gotway of a 48-year-old non-smoking woman with a history of hysterectomy and right oophorectomy, and cholecystectomy, otherwise previously healthy, who presented with a spontaneous pneumothorax. Her thoracic CT scan showed multiple small cysts. She also had follicular lesions on her face. Biopsy of the facial lesions revealed fibrofolliculomas, or hamartomas of the hair disc. Fibrofolliculomas with lung cysts are relatively specific for Birt Hogg Dubé syndrome. This case was the November 2015 Imaging Case of the Month (click to be directed to the full presentation). Please see the entire case presentation for details and discussion.

There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned about 8 PM. The next meeting will be in Phoenix on Wednesday, May 24, 2017 at 6:30 PM at HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital.

Richard A. Robbins, MD

Cite as: Robbins RA. March 2017 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;14(3):125-6. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc038-17 PDF

Tuesday
Jan312017

January 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The January 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, January 25, 2017 at the HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting (prime rib) with case presentations. There was a good attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, and radiology communities.

There was a discussion of supporting the Tobacco 21 bill which has been introduced into the Arizona State Legislature. There was unanimous support for this bill. Another bill to allow school nurses to administer an albuterol inhaler without a doctor’s prescription was also discussed but the members wanted more information.

The new CDC Ventilator-Associated Events (VAE) criteria were also discussed. Before endorsing or opposing the this as a measure, the members wished more information.

It was decided that a decision on both would be postponed until discussed at the next meeting.

Three cases were presented:

  1. Dr. Lewis Wesselius from the Mayo Clinic presented a case of a 53-year-old woman who presented with hemoptysis. The hemoptysis was eventually shown to be secondary to mitral stenosis. There were some dramatic photographs from the bronchoscopy of hyperemic airways with dilated submucosal veins. This case was also presented as the January 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month in the SWJPCC.
  2. Dr. Kyle Henry from Banner University Phoenix/VA presented a case of combined emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis. The pros and cons of establishing a diagnosis were discussed. Although a biopsy would be considered ideal, the patient was severely hypoxemic.
  3. Dr. Gerald Swartzberg presented several cases of cavitary coccidioidomycosis. A discussion followed regarding management of cavitary cocci ensued.

There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned about 8 PM. The next meeting will be in Phoenix on Wednesday, March 22, 2017 at 6:30 PM at HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital.

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD

President, Arizona Thoracic Society

Cite as: Wesselius LJ. January 2017 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;14(1):42. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc010-17 PDF

Thursday
Nov172016

November 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The November 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, November 17, 2016 at the Scottsdale Shea Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting with case presentations. There were 14 in attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, and radiology communities.

Two cases were presented:

  1. Dr. Lewis Wesselius presented a case of a 29-year-old man from India on a work visa who complained of right pleuritic pain. Chest x-ray showed a large right pleural effusion. CT scan confirmed the presence of effusion with minimal lung parenchyma changes or mediastinal adenopathy. Gold quantiferon was positive and coccidioidomycosis serology was negative. Thoracentesis showed a lymphocytic predominant effusion and adenosine deaminase was borderline high. No acid-fast bacilli (AFB) were seen in the fluid. PCR for M. tuberculosis was negative. The pleural biopsy did show AFB and eventually grew M. tuberculosis. The patient was started on a 4 drug regimen. Dr. Wesselius gave a short presentation on the sensitivity of the various diagnostic tests for M. tuberculosis.
  2. Dr. Richard Robbins presented the case of a 45-year-old Iraqi war veteran who was referred for COPD based on abnormal blood gases. The arterial blood gases showed a PaO2 40 mm Hg, PaCO2 82 mm Hg, pH 7.12, HCO3 34 mEq/L, and SaO2 76. The patient was diagnosed with hypoventilation probably secondary to narcotic abuse which he took for chronic back pain. He was admitted to the ICU but unfortunately administered high flow oxygen and was intubated. He was subsequently given naloxone but became awake and combative. After sedation and small doses of morphine, he was quickly liberated from mechanical ventilation, transferred to the floor and discharged. He did complain to the patient advocate on discharge about the smaller doses of narcotics he was give. A discussion followed regarding narcotic abuse, patient satisfaction, and mortality.

Dr. Parides has been approached regarding having the Arizona Thoracic Society meetings at Select Hospital in Scottsdale. In addition, he has been in contact with Dr. Rajeev Saggar at Banner University Medical Center Phoenix regarding having Arizona Thoracic Society meetings with a video link to Tucson.

Dr. Parides presented a plaque to Dr. Lewis Wesselius who is the Arizona Thoracic Society clinician of the year (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Dr. George Parides (left) presented a plaque to Dr. Lewis Wesselius as Arizona Thoracic Society Clinician of the Year.

A discussion was held regarding the recent American College of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) decision to allow first year house officers to work 28 hours while on call rather than 16 (1). This is based on a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine in February, 2016 (2). After much discussion, a motion was made by Dr. Parides and seconded by Dr. Alp Umar to draft a letter to the ACGME during this public comment period favoring that ACGME decisions on resident work hours being made on data rather than emotion or politics.

There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned about 8 PM. The next meeting will be in Phoenix on Wednesday, January 25, 2016 at 6:30 PM location to be announced prior to the meeting.

Richard A. Robbins, MD

Editor, SWJPCC

References

  1. Robbins RA. ACGME proposes dropping the 16 hour resident shift limit. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016;13(5):216-7. [CrossRef]
  2. Bilimoria KY, Chung JW, Hedges LV, et al. National cluster-randomized trial of duty-hour flexibility in surgical training. N Engl J Med. 2016 Feb 25;374(8):713-27.  [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cite as: Robbins RA. November 2016 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016;13(5):246-7. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc119-16 PDF