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November 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The November 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, November 18, 2015 at the Scottsdale Shea Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting with case presentations. There were 14 in attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, and radiology communities. 

There were 3 case presentations:

  1. Dr. Gerald Schwartzberg presented a case of a 56-year-old man with a history of diabetes, alcoholism and tobacco abuse who has a history of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) with a residual thin-walled cavity in his right upper lobe (RUL). After quitting drinking and smoking and years of being asymptomatic, he presented with hemoptysis. Chest x-ray showed increasing density in the RUL. CT scan showed an intracavitary density in his previous cavity presumably a fungus ball. Sputum cultures are pending. Discussion followed on management of fungus balls. Bronchoscopy was recommended to view the bronchial anatomy to exclude other diagnosis as well as obtaining additional cultures. The consensus of the group was operative intervention if possible. If not, bronchial artery embolization was offered as an alternative.
  2. Dr. Schwartzberg presented a second case of a middle-aged woman with a past history of Valley Fever who was treated and left with a negative serology and a pulmonary nodule. She has developed rheumatoid arthritis and is being considered for biological therapy. The question was whether she should received fluconazole during therapy. No one knew of any data but the group advised caution and suggested fluconazole during immunosuppressive therapy.
  3. Dr. Lewis Wesselius presented a case of an 18-year-old with a prior diagnosis of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. CT scan revealed multiple lung cysts. Dr. Wesselius reviewed Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) (1,2). CPAM, previously known as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, is a developmental lesion of the lung comprising single or multiple cysts of uniform or varying sizes arising from anomalous growth of airways. Most of the cases are identified in infants and neonates with respiratory distress. Rarely, CPAM can present in adulthood with recurrent chest infections, pneumothorax, hemoptysis, or dyspnea. Dr. Michael Gotway showed CT scans of several additional patients.

There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned about 7:45 PM. The next meeting will be in Phoenix on Wednesday, January 27,2016 at 6:30 PM. A change of venue was discussed and will be announced prior to the meeting.

Richard A. Robbins, MD

Editor, SWJPCC


  1. Dowton SB, Pincott S, Demmer L. Respiratory complications of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV. Clin Genet. 1996;50(6):510-4. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Baral D, Adhikari B, Zaccarini D, Dongol RM, Sah B. Congenital pulmonary airway malformation in an adult male: a case report with literature review. Case Rep Pulmonol. 2015;2015:743452. [CrossRef] [PubMed] 

Cite as: Robbins RA. November 2015 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2015;11(5):233-4. doi: PDF

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