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Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

Last 50 Postings

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November 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes 
July 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
April 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
February 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
December 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
October 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2013 Council of Chapter Representatives Notes
May 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
April 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes 
March 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2013 Council of Chapter Representatives Meeting 
and “Hill Day” Notes
February 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
October 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2012 Special Meeting Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2012 Council of Chapter Representatives Meeting
May 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes


For a complete list of the Arizona Thoracic Society notes click here.

The Arizona Thoracic Society meets every other month in Phoenix, usually on the fourth Wednesday of odd numbered months, from 6:30-8:00  PM at Scottsdale Healthcare Shea Hospital located at Shea and 90th Street in Phoenix. During these meetings dinner and case presentations occur.


Entries in fluconazole (3)


September 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes 

The September 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, September 26, 2018 at the HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting with case presentations. There were representatives in attendance from the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, and radiology communities.

At the beginning of the meeting attendance was again discussed.

There were 3 case presentations:

  1. Dr. Gerry Schwartzberg presented a case of a woman in her 70’s with diffuse cystic lung disease. She had a monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance due to light chain disease and the possibility of amyloidosis causing cystic lung disease was discussed.  
  2. Dr. Lewis Wesselius presented a 28-year-old man from Tennessee with enlarging lung nodules who had been treated for presumed histoplasmosis, but was having hemoptysis and clinically worsening. Lung biopsy demonstrated metastatic angiosarcoma.  
  3. Dr. Wesselius also presented a 44-year-old woman with diabetes and cavitary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis which involved both left upper lobe and left lower lobe which had progressed despite 400 mg/day of fluconazole who had been referred in 2012 for possible thoracotomy. Surgery was deferred since it would have required a left pneumonectomy. The fluconazole dose was increased, and cavity resolved gradually over 6 years.  This led to discussion of indications for surgery in cavitary coccidioidomycosis. 

The meeting was adjourned about 8 PM. The next meeting will be on November 28 at 6:30 PM at HonorHealth Rehabilitation Hospital.

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD
President, Arizona Thoracic Society

Cite as: Wesselius LJ. September 2018 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2018;17:116. doi: PDF 


March 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The March 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, March 23, 2016 at the Scottsdale Shea Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting with case presentations. There were 17 in attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, and radiology communities. Of note, Dr. Elijah Poulos drove from Flagstaff to attend the meeting.

Dr. Rick Robbins gave a summary of ATS Hill Day and the possibility of collecting dues for the Arizona Thoracic Society along with American Thoracic Society dues. Dr. Robbins also presented the results of emailing the Table of Contents of the Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care to the ATS members in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Nevada along with listing the contents in Inspirations the California Thoracic Society newsletter. The number of page views doubled over usual the following day.

Dr. George Parides presented a short presentation on whether coccidioidomycosis nodules in the setting of biologics for rheumatoid arthritis should receive fluconazole and the new coccidioidomycosis skin test under development.

Dr. Lewis Wesselius presented a plaque to Dr. Robbins who was voted 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society clinician of the year (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Dr. Lewis Wesselius (left) presenting a plaque to Dr. Rick Robbins.

There were 5 case presentations:

  1. Dr. George Parides presented a 67-year-old man with a thin walled cavity and positive coccidioidomycosis serology who was unable to tolerate fluconazole and voriconazole. There were several possible therapies suggested including posaconazole or resection of the cavity.
  2. Dr. Elijah Poulos presented a case of 44-year-old woman who had occupational exposure to mineral spirits and presented with a chronic dry cough. Chest x-ray showed bilateral apical infiltrates. Thoracic CT scan confirmed the presence of the infiltrates which appeared lobular. Physical examination and laboratory evaluation including induced sputum specimens were unrevealing. A bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsy were performed. The biopsy was consistent with acute eosinophilic pneumonia. Because her cough and CT scan were improving no therapy was given. A follow-up CT scan showed resolution of the apical consolidations but a new rounded 4 cm area of consolidation but her cough has resolved and she is now asymptomatic. The group suggested several possibilities including possible lipoid pneumonia or possible cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. The majority felt that following the patient was the most appropriate course of action.
  3. Dr. Paul Conomos presented a case of a 43-year-old man who had an incidental finding of a vessel in the left lower lung originating from the abdominal aorta.  The abdominal CT scan was performed for abdominal pain which quickly resolved. He had no respiratory symptoms. It was that this was likely a pulmonary sequestration and discussions with invasive radiology to better define the vascular supply and thoracic surgery for possible resection  might be useful.
  4. Dr. Lewis Wesselius presented a case of an 65-year-old woman who presented to her gastroenterologist with anemia and some weight loss. A thoracic CT scan was performed which suggested a tracheal abnormality, possibly a tracheal wall lesion. Bronchoscopy showed a smooth indentation in the trachea with a yellowish discoloration. A similar yellowish area was seen near the main carina. Biopsies were performed. Congo red stain was positive consistent with amyloidosis.
  5. Dr. Allen Thomas presented a 62-year-old man with symptoms of an upper respiratory infection beginning in January who improved sufficiently that he rode his motorcycle near Bagdad, AZ this month. He rode through a dust storm and subsequently developed dyspnea, cough and gray sputum production. Laboratory evaluation in an emergency department showed a pO2 of 60 on room air but was otherwise unremarkable. He was seen in pulmonary consolidation a few days later. Thoracic CT scan showed subpleural areas of ground glass and consolidation. The patient was asymptomatic by this time and declined biopsy. The group suggested following the patient with a repeat thoracic CT scan. It was suggested that this could possibly be a case of acute eosinophilic pneumonia.

There being no further business, the meeting was adjourned about 8 PM. The next meeting will be in Phoenix on Wednesday, May 25,2016 at 6:30 PM.

Richard A. Robbins, MD

Editor, SWJPCC

Cite as: Robbins RA. March 2016 Arizona thoracic society ntoes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016 Mar;12(3):112-3. doi: PDF


March 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The March 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was a special meeting. In conjunction with the Valley Fever Center for Excellence and the Arizona Respiratory Center the Eighteenth Annual Farness Lecture was held in the Sonntag Pavilion at St. Joseph's Hospital at 6 PM on Friday, April 4, 2014. The guest speaker was Antonio "Tony" Catanzaro, MD from the University of California San Diego and current president of the Cocci Study Group. There were 57 in attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, and infectious disease communities.

Dr. Antonio Catanzaro

After opening remarks by Arizona Thoracic Society president, Lewis Wesselius (a former fellow under Dr. Catanzaro at UCSD), John Galgiani, director of the Valley Fever Center for Excellence, gave a brief history of the Farness lecture before introducing Dr. Catanzaro. The lecture is named for Orin J. Farness, a Tucson physician, who was the first to report culture positive coccidioidomycosis (cocci or Valley Fever). The title of Dr. Catanzaro's talk was "Coccidioidomycosis, Why I Have Found It So Interesting". Dr. Catanzaro came to San Diego from Georgetown to study the immunology of sarcoidosis. Much to his surprise, he found little sarcoidosis in San Diego and was looking for a new direction. While attending the California Thoracic Society meeting, Tony met Dr. Hans Einstein from Bakersfield, California, the leading authority on Valley Fever. He persuaded Tony to attend the Cocci Study Group meeting, held in conjunction with the California Thoracic Society meeting. Dr. Catanzaro reviewed his investigations of Valley Fever including transfer factor, hypercalcemia associated with Valley Fever and treatment with ketoconoazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, and posaconazole (1-4). Prominently mentioned Hans Einstein from Bakersfield, John Galgiani from Tucson, Bernie Levine from Phoenix and J. Burr Ross also from Phoenix.

The Cocci Study Group meeting was held the following day, Saturday, April 5th at the University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix. The next meeting of the Arizona Thoracic Society is on Wednesday, April 23, 2014, 6:30 PM at Shea Hospital.

Richard A. Robbins, M.D.


  1. Catanzaro A, Einstein H, Levine B, Ross JB, Schillaci R, Fierer J, Friedman PJ. Ketoconazole for treatment of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Ann Intern Med. 1982 Apr;96(4):436-40. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Catanzaro A, Galgiani JN, Levine BE, Sharkey-Mathis PK, Fierer J, Stevens DA, Chapman SW, Cloud G. Fluconazole in the treatment of chronic pulmonary and nonmeningeal disseminated coccidioidomycosis. NIAID Mycoses Study Group. Am J Med. 1995;98(3):249-56. [CrossRef]  [PubMed]
  3. Galgiani JN, Catanzaro A, Cloud GA, Johnson RH, Williams PL, Mirels LF, Nassar F, Lutz JE, Stevens DA, Sharkey PK, Singh VR, Larsen RA, Delgado KL, Flanigan C, Rinaldi MG. Comparison of oral fluconazole and itraconazole for progressive, nonmeningeal coccidioidomycosis. A randomized, double-blind trial. Mycoses Study Group. Ann Intern Med. 2000;133(9):676-86. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Catanzaro A, Cloud GA, Stevens DA, Levine BE, Williams PL, Johnson RH, Rendon A, Mirels LF, Lutz JE, Holloway M, Galgiani JN. Safety, tolerance, and efficacy of posaconazole therapy in patients with nonmeningeal disseminated or chronic pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45(5):562-8. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reference as: Robbins RA. March 2014 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2014;8(4):223-4. doi: PDF