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Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

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November 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes 
July 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2018 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2017 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2016 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
April 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
February 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
December 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
October 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
July 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2013 Council of Chapter Representatives Notes
May 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
April 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes 
March 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
March 2013 Council of Chapter Representatives Meeting 
and “Hill Day” Notes
February 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
January 2013 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
November 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
October 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
September 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
August 2012 Special Meeting Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
June 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes
May 2012 Council of Chapter Representatives Meeting
May 2012 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes


For a complete list of the Arizona Thoracic Society notes click here.

The Arizona Thoracic Society meets every other month in Phoenix, usually on the fourth Wednesday of odd numbered months, from 6:30-8:00  PM at Scottsdale Healthcare Shea Hospital located at Shea and 90th Street in Phoenix. During these meetings dinner and case presentations occur.


Entries in immunocompromise (2)


March 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The March 2015 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, March 25, 2014 at the Scottsdale Shea Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. This was a dinner meeting with case presentations. There were 14 in attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep, radiology and oncology communities.

Dr. Richard Robbins made a presentation entitled "The History of Exhaled Nitric Oxide Measurement" focusing on the development of exhaled nitric oxide in the early 1990's.

There were 3 case presentations:

  1. Sandra Till, a third year pulmonary fellow at the Good Samaritan/VA program, presented an elderly man admitted to the Phoenix VA with an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). His CT findings showed with centrilobular emphysema, bronchial edema, and scattered ground glass opacities. It was felt that the CT findings most likely represented a bronchiolitis from his exacerbation of COPD.
  2. Richard Robbins presented a 49 year old man with a positive PPD and Gold QuantiFERON who has extensive psoriasis and had biological therapy with etanercept recommended. He had an extensive past medical history of diabetes and sleep apnea secondary to obesity which resolved with gastric bypass. His liver was palpable at his right costal margin and his liver enzymes were mildly elevated. Chest x-ray was normal. Most felt that therapy for latent tuberculosis was indicated with some recommending isoniazid, others recommending rifampin and others recommending both drugs. He was treated for one month with isoniazid and his liver enzymes all declined into the normal range. He has begun etanercept and 6-9 months of isoniazid therapy are planned.
  3. Stephanie Fountain, a second year internal medicine resident from the Good Samaritan/VA program presented an elderly man with a history of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas treated with chemotherapy and radiation in Chicago just prior to moving to Phoenix. He presented with abdominal pain secondary to an ileus which spontaneously improved. A CT scan performed during the abdominal evaluation showed multiple small nodules and some scattered ground glass opacities which was reminiscent of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with cystic changes. Biopsy showed adenocarcinoma which special stains were most consistent with a pancreas primary. Discussion ensued about this unusual presentation CT presentation of metastatic pancreatic cancer.

The next meeting in Phoenix will be at Scottsdale Shea on Wednesday, May 27 at 6:30 PM.

Richard A. Robbins, MD

Editor, SWJPCC

Reference as: Robbins RA. March 2015 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2015;10(3):149. doi: PDF


May 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society Notes

The May 2014 Arizona Thoracic Society meeting was held on Wednesday, 5/28/2014 at Scottsdale Shea Hospital beginning at 6:30 PM. There were 13 in attendance representing the pulmonary, critical care, sleep and radiology communities.

A discussion was held regarding the Arizona Thoracic Society relationship with the American Lung Association. Several members volunteered to talk to the lung association regarding common ground to strengthen the relationship.

The wine tasting with the California, New Mexico and Colorado Thoracic Societies at the American Thoracic Society International Meeting was a big success. There were about 55 at the meeting. The tasting will probably be held again next year.

At the ATS meeting data was presented that pirfenidone was effective in reducing the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The data was published in the New England Journal of Medicine on 8/29/14 (1). Lewis Wesselius is one of the investigators enrolling patients in a phase 3 trial while InterMune reapplies to the FDA for approval of pirfenidone in IPF.

Two cases were presented:

  1. Lewis Wesselius from the Mayo Clinic Arizona presented a 53 year old woman with a chronic, nonproductive accompanied by malaise and a modest weight loss. She was treated for asthma without improvement.  She was a nonsmoker and had a SpO2 of 98% on room air. Her lungs were clear to auscultation.  Routine laboratory evaluation was unremarkable and exhaled nitric oxide was normal. Thoracic CT scan showed a subtle broncholitis. She was empirically treated for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) without improvement. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed and showed Nocardia asteroides. She had no evidence of immunocompromise. She was treated with sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim which produced a rash and then minocycline for 4 months. Her cough resolved. However, when the minocycline was stopped her cough returned. She is currently receiving an additional course of minocycline planned for 6 months.
  2. Suresh Uppalapu presented a 58 year old fireman with a complaint of dyspnea on exertion. He has a history of obstructive sleep apnea and lives at an elevation of 7000 feet. The patient had significant desaturation with exercise. Chest x-ray showed borderline cardiomegaly but was otherwise normal. Thoracic CT scan showed pulmonary artery enlargement and borderline right ventricular (RV) enlargement. Ultrasound of the hear showed an enlarged RV but it was difficult to measure PA pressure.  Right-sided heart catherization showed a mean pulmonary artery pressure of 35 cm H2O with a  step up in the oxygen saturation at the right atrium. Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) showed a patent foramen ovale (PFO).  Insertion of a balloon stopped the right to left shunting but resulted in a significant increase in the pulmonary artery pressure. He was referred for percutaneous closure of the PFO along with treatment of his pulmonary artery hypertension.

There being no further business the meeting was adjourned about 8:15 PM. The June meeting is scheduled for Tucson. There will be no meeting in July. The next meeting in Phoenix will be a case presentation conference on August 27, 6:30 PM at Scottsdale Shea Hospital.

Richard A. Robbins, MD


  1. King TE Jr, Bradford WZ, Castro-Bernardini S, et al. A phase 3 trial of pirfenidone in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. N Engl J Med 2014;370:2083-92. [CrossRef] [PubMed] 

Reference as: Robbins RA. May 2014 Arizona thoracic society notes. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2014;8(6): 297-8. doi: PDF