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In Memoriam
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May 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD

Robert W. Viggiano, MD


Department of Pulmonary Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ USA


History of Present Illness

A 69-year-old man with known heart failure, COPD and prostate cancer with presented with increased shortness of breath. He denied any fever, chills, cough or sputum.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

  • Diastolic heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction
  • Prostate cancer with bone metastasis treated with leuprolide (Lupron®
  • COPD treated with salmeterol/fluticasone and tiotropium
  • He is married, retired and had quit smoking a number of years ago.
  • Family history was unremarkable

Physical Examination

  • Oxygen saturation (SpO2) was 93% on room air.
  • Physical examination showed jugular venous distention (JVD), bilateral lung rales a laterally displaced pulse of maximal impulse (PMI) and 1+ pretibial edema.


A chest x-ray was performed (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Admission chest x-ray.

Based on the history and chest x-ray which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of six pages)

  1. Community-acquired pneumonia
  2. Congestive heart failure
  3. COPD exacerbation
  4. Metastatic prostate cancer
  5. Pulmonary embolism

Cite as: Wesselius LJ, Viggiano RW. May 2017 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;14(5):185-91. doi: PDF

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