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October 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Eric A. Jensen, MD

Department of Radiology

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ USA


Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Eric A. Jensen, MD.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives: As a result of completing this activity, participants will be better able to:

  1. Interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Establish the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Translate the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Integrate new treatment options for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2017-December 31, 2018

Financial Support Received: None


History of Present Illness

A 56-year-old woman presented with 3 days of non-productive cough, low-grade fever and severe right-sided pleuritic chest pain.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

She was diagnosed with coccidioidomycosis 5 years previously. She reports that she has had pneumonia every 6 to 12 months since her diagnosis with valley fever. She does not smoke. Family history is noncontributory.

Physical Examination

Her vital signs were unremarkable and she was afebrile but did cough frequently during the examination. Her lungs were clear and the rest of the physical examination was unremarkable.

Chest Radiography

She brings in two prior chest x-rays, one from 2011 (Figure 1, Panels A & B) and another from 2012 (Figure 1, Panel C).

Figure 1. Chest radiograph from 2011 (A & B) and from 2012 (C).

Which of the following best describes the chest x-rays? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of five pages)

  1. A repeat chest x-ray should be performed
  2. A right lower lobe mass is present which appears to have enlarged from 2011 to 2012
  3. There is a right lower posterior lung density
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Jensen EA. October 2017 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;15(4):125-30. doi: PDF

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