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May 2015 Pulmonary Case of the Month: Pneumonia with a Rash

Richard A. Robbins, MD

Phoenix Pulmonary and Critical Care Research and Education Foundation

Gilbert, AZ


History of Present Illness

A 77-year-old man underwent a thoracic CT scan  for follow up of a known thoracic aneurysm.  However, he had been feeling tired for about a week with a cough, night sweats and fever. He had no shortness of breath, wheezing or known history of lung disease.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

He has a history of hypertension and a known thoracic aortic aneurysm. There was a  surgical repair of his right clavicle after a motor vehicle accident. He is single and has lived in Arizona for over 50 years. He just returned from a trip to California where he visited Disneyland. He does not smoke. Family history is noncontributory.    

Current Medications

  • Dutasteride
  • Levothyroxine
  • Atorvastatin

Physical Examination

His physical examination was reported as unremarkable. SpO2 was 95% on room air.


Figure 1. Representative images from his thoracic CT scan showing a left lower lobe consolidation (red arrows). Panel A: coronal projection in lung windows. Panel B: axial view in lung windows.

Which of the following is appropriate at this time? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of four panels)

  1. Begin empiric antibiotics
  2. Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage
  3. Sputum Gram stain and culture
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Reference as: Robbins RA. May 2015 pulmonary case of the month: pneumonia with a rash. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2015;10(5):203-7. doi: PDF 

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