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July 2017 Critical Care Case of the Month

Robert A. Raschke, MD

Banner University Medical Center Phoenix

Phoenix, AZ USA


Critical Care Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours 

Lead Author(s): Robert A. Raschke, MD.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives: As a result of completing this activity, participants will be better able to:

  1. Interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Establish the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Translate the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Integrate new treatment options for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2017-December 31, 2018

Financial Support Received: None


History of Present Illness

A 62-year-old man was brought to the Emergency Department with an altered mental status after a neighbor found him unresponsive. Medications the paramedics found in his home were cyclobenzaprine, duloxetine, gabapentin, levothyroxine, ibuprofen, and tramadol.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

He had a past medical history of neck and back pain and hypothyroidism. He lived alone. There was a history of a C3-4 anterior cervical discectomy in 2010. Other history including family history was unobtainable.

Physical Examination

  • Vital Signs: HR 61 beats/min, BP 86/50 mm Hg, RR 8 breaths/min, T 32.2º C
  • General: arousable but did not answer questions. He had multiple tattoos. No needle track marks are identified.
  • HEENT: pupils were small but reacted to light.
  • Lungs: clear to auscultation.
  • Heart: regular rhythm without murmur.
  • Abdomen: soft without organomegaly or masses.
  • Neurology: he moved all 4 extremities but minimally. Plantar reflexes were downgoing.

Which of the following should be done immediately? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of six pages)

  1. Administer naloxone
  2. CT scan of the head
  3. Obtain a blood glucose
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Raschke RA. July 2017 critical care case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;15(1):7-14. doi: PDF

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