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Mar282018

A Time-Motion Study of Primary Care Physicians' Work in the Electronic Health Record Era

Young RA, Burge SK, Kumar KA, Wilson JM, Ortiz DF. Fam Med. 2018 Feb;50(2):91-9. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electronic health records (EHRs) have lengthened the time required to care for patients in primary care clinics with EHRs. The authors directly observed family physician (FP) attendings, residents, and their ambulatory patients in 982 visits in clinics affiliated with 10 residencies of the Residency Research Network of Texas. The FPs were purposely chosen to reflect a diversity of patient care styles. We measured total visit time, previsit chart time, face-to-face time, non-face time, out-of-hours EHR work time, and total EHR work time. The mean (SD) visit length was 35.8 (16.6) minutes, not counting resident precepting time. The mean time components included 2.9 (3.8) minutes working in the EHR prior to entering the room, 16.5 (9.2) minutes of face-to-face time not working in the EHR, 2.0 (2.1) minutes working in the EHR in the room (which occurred in 73.4% of the visits), 7.5 (7.5) minutes of non-face time (mostly EHR time), and 6.9 (7.6) minutes of EHR work outside of normal clinic operational hours (which occurred in 64.6% of the visits). The total time and total EHR time varied only slightly between faculty physicians, third-year and second-year residents. The authors conclude that primary care physicians spent more time working in the EHR than they spent in face-to-face time with patients in clinic visits.

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