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In Memoriam
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July 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Robert W. Viggiano, MD

Department of Pulmonary Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ USA


History of Present Illness

The patient is a 19-year-old woman who went to a local Emergency Room 12/23/15 for chest pain she described as pleurisy. She was told she had pneumonia and a chest x-ray was reported to show a lingular infiltrate (Figure 1).

Figure 1. PA (A) and lateral (B) chest radiograph taken 12/23/15.

She was treated with antibiotics and improved. She was well until 9/2/16 when she again returned to the emergency room complaining of hemoptysis. A chest x-ray was reported as showing a lingular infiltrate (Figure 2). 

Figure 2. PA (A) and lateral (B) chest radiograph taken 9/2/16.

She was treated with azithromycin but her cough persisted sometimes with a small amount of blood in her sputum. She was referred because of her persistent symptoms and her abnormal chest x-ray.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

  • She is now taking fluoxetine daily.
  • She has a history of pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with Group A Streptococcus and was treated with antibiotics for 4-5 years.
  • Nonsmoker.

Physical Examination

Her physical examination was unremarkable.

Which of the following are true? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of five pages)

  1. Her chest radiographs are consistent with pneumonia
  2. Lung cancer is an unlikely consideration in a 19-year-old
  3. The chest x-ray findings represent a well-known complication of pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Viggiano RW. July 2017 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;15(1):1-6. doi: PDF 

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