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February 2017 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Abdalla Fadda, MD

Phoenix VA and Banner University Medical Center Phoenix

Phoenix, AZ USA


History of Present Illness

A 45-year-old man presented with weight loss, copious amounts of light green sputum, low grade fever and chest discomfort on the right. He had moved to Arizona 8 months ago. Two months later he developed hemoptysis and had increased cough with copious phlegm. He denied any fever, chills, malaise or fatigue.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

He has a history of tuberculosis in 2010 treated with 4 drug therapy for a year. The tuberculosis was not drug resistant. He had been treated with a 6-month course of voriconazole about 2 years ago.

Physical Examination

He was afebrile and his vital signs were unremarkable. He had decreased breath sounds in his right lower chest.


His CBC, electrolytes and urinalysis were unremarkable.

Chest Radiography

His admission chest x-ray is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Admission PA of chest.

In regards to the chest x-ray which of the following are true? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of six pages)

  1. There are cavities in the right lung
  2. There is a large right pleural effusion
  3. There is volume loss in the right lung
  4. 1 and 3
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Fadda A. February 2017 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2017;14(2):45-53. doi: PDF

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