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Thursday
Dec012016

December 2016 Pulmonary Case of the Month

Lewis J. Wesselius, MD

Department of Pulmonary Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, AZ

 

Pulmonary Case of the Month CME Information

Members of the Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and California Thoracic Societies and the Mayo Clinic are able to receive 0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for each case they complete. Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last panel of the activity. 

0.25 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.25 hours

Lead Author(s): Lewis J. Wesselius, MD.  All Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives:
As a result of this activity I will be better able to:

  1. Correctly interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Will be better able to establsh the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Will improve the translation of the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Will integrate new treatment options in discussing available treatment alternatives for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: University of Arizona College of Medicine at Banner University Medical Center Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2015-December 31, 2016

Financial Support Received: None

 

History of Present Illness

The patient is a 29-year-old man who presented to the emergency room with right-sided pleuritic chest pain, fever, cough, and progressive dyspnea over 2 weeks.

Past Medical History, Social History and Family History

He had no prior significant medical issues and had been well until 2 weeks ago. A native of India, he has been in the US for about 5 months and works at American Express. He is a nonsmoker. Family history is noncontributory.

Physical Examination

  • Vitals signs: Temperature 38.0 C, Blood Pressure 155/85 mm Hg, Heart Rate 140 beats/min, Respirations 24 breaths/min
  • General: Appears to be in moderate pain and respiratory distress
  • Lungs: Decreased breath sounds on the right
  • Heart: regular rhythm with a tachycardia
  • Abdomen: unremarkable
  • Extremities: unremarkable
  • Neurologic: unremarkable

Radiography

His initial chest x-ray is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Initial chest radiograph.

Which of the following best describes the chest x-ray? (Click on the correct answer to proceed to the second of seven pages)

  1. Elevated right hemidiaphragm
  2. Large right pleural effusion
  3. Right lower lobe and middle lobe consolidation
  4. Right lung atelectasis
  5. None of the above

Cite as: Wesselius LJ. December 2016 pulmonary case of the month. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2016;13(6):268-75. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc122-16 PDF

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