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Tuesday
Oct012019

October 2019 Critical Care Case of the Month: Running Naked in the Park

Spencer Jasper MD

Matthew Adams DO

Jonathan Boyd MD

Jeremiah Garrison MD

Janet Campion MD

The University of Arizona College of Medicine

Tucson, AZ USA

 

Critical Care Case of the Month CME Information

Completion of an evaluation form is required to receive credit and a link is provided on the last page of the activity. 

0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™

Estimated time to complete this activity: 0.50 hours

Lead Author(s): Spencer Jasper DOAll Faculty, CME Planning Committee Members, and the CME Office Reviewers have disclosed that they do not have any relevant financial relationships with commercial interests that would constitute a conflict of interest concerning this CME activity.

Learning Objectives: As a result of completing this activity, participants will be better able to:

  1. Interpret and identify clinical practices supported by the highest quality available evidence.
  2. Establish the optimal evaluation leading to a correct diagnosis for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders.
  3. Translate the most current clinical information into the delivery of high quality care for patients.
  4. Integrate new treatment options for patients with pulmonary, critical care and sleep related disorders.

Learning Format: Case-based, interactive online course, including mandatory assessment questions (number of questions varies by case). Please also read the Technical Requirements.

CME Sponsor: The University of Arizona College of Medicine-Tucson

Current Approval Period: January 1, 2019-December 31, 2020

Financial Support Received: None

 

History of Present Illness

A 34-year-old man with a history of IV drug abuse was brought into emergency department by EMS and Tucson Police Department after complaints of naked man running and behaving erratically in a park. On arrival to emergency department patient was acting aggressively towards staff, spitting and attempting to bite. The ER staff attempted multiple times to sedate the patient with benzodiazepines, however, due to continued aggressive behavior, ongoing encephalopathy and the need for increased sedation, the patient was intubated for airway protection.

The patient was febrile (40.6° C), tachycardic (122) and hypertensive (143/86). On physical exam patient was not cooperative, was diaphoretic, cachectic, with reactive constrictive pupils, track marks in antecubital fossa bilaterally. No clonus or hypertonicity. During intubation, there was noted to be nuchal rigidity.

He was then admitted to the medical ICU. Drug intoxication from possible methamphetamines was the presumptive diagnosis of encephalopathy but given nuchal rigidity and fevers there was concern for other etiologies.

Physical Exam

  • Vitals: T 40.6 °C, HR: 122, RR: 22, BP: 143/86, SpO2: 97% WT: 55 kg
  • General: Intubated and sedated, cachectic
  • Eye: Pupils constricted but reactive to light
  • HEENT: Normocephalic, atraumatic
  • Neck: Stiff, non-tender, no carotid bruits, no JVD, no lymphadenopathy
  • Lungs: Clear to auscultation, non-labored respiration
  • Heart: Normal rate, regular rhythm, no murmur, gallop or peripheral edema
  • Abdomen: Soft, non-tender, non-distended, normal bowel sounds, no masses
  • Skin: Skin is warm, dry and pink, multiple abrasions on the lower extremities bilaterally, track marks noted in the antecubital fossa bilaterally. Large abrasion with bruising around the right knee and erythema and welts on the right shin. Erythematous area on the dorsal surface of the right hand
  • Neurologic: Nonfocal prior to intubation, no clonus or hypertonicity noted

Drug overdose/intoxication was presumptive diagnosis for his acute encephalopathy. Based on physical exam and vitals, what other etiologies should be considered? (click on the correct answer to be directed to the second of seven pages)

  1. Embolic stroke
  2. Heat stroke
  3. Hyperthyroidism
  4. Meningitis
  5. All of the above

Cite as: Jasper S, Adams M, Boyd J, Garrison J, Campion J. October 2019 critical care case of the month: running naked in the park. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2019;19(4):110-8. doi: https://doi.org/10.13175/swjpcc054-19 PDF

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