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Ultrasound for Critical Care Physicians: Connecting Disparate Symptoms

An 18-year-old woman was recently diagnosed with non-ACTH-Mediated Cushing syndrome, now with a complaint of mild shortness of breath.

Her cardiac exam showed normal sinus rhythm at 84 beats per minute and blood pressure of 130/80 mmHg. Her mitral first heart sound was slightly accentuated, but the pulmonic sound was normal. Grade-I diastolic murmur was heard over the mitral area. Opening snap was absent. Lungs were clear and chest radiograph showed slight cardiomegaly. She had multiple freckles on his face and trunk and along the vermillion border of the lips.

An ultrasound of the heart was performed (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Four chamber view of the heart.


Which of the following is the likely diagnosis?

  1. Brugada syndrome
  2. Carney syndrome
  3. Gotway syndrome
  4. Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome
  5. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome

Reference as: Gotway MB. Ultrasound for critical care physicians: connecting disparate symptoms. Southwest J Pulm Crit Care. 2013;7(3):176-8. doi: PDF

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