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Articles from Other Journals

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FDA Warns About Increased Risk of Ruptures or Tears in the Aorta Blood Vessel With Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics in Certain Patients. US Food and Drug Administration. December 20, 2018. (12/22/18).

Optimizing Home Oxygen Therapy. An Official American Thoracic Society Workshop Report. Jacobs SS, Lederer DJ, Garvey CM, et al. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2018 Dec;15(12):1369-81. (12-13-18)

FDA Approves First Treatment for Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome, A Rare Autoimmune Disorder. FDA News Releast. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm627093.htm (12-4-18)

Does Point-of-Care Ultrasonography Improve Clinical Outcomes in Emergency Department Patients with Undifferentiated Hypotension? Atkinson PR, Milne J, Diegelmann L, et al. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Oct;72(4):478-89. (11-8-18)

E-cigarette Use and Subsequent Smoking Frequency Among Adolescents. Barrington-Trimis JL, Kong G, Leventhal AM, et al. Pediatrics. November 05, 2018. [Epub ahead of print] (11-5-18)

Changes in Prevalence of Health Care-Associated Infections in U.S. Hospitals. Magill SS, O'Leary E, Janelle SJ, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 Nov 1;379(18):1732-1744. (11-1-18)

Benefits and Harms of Antihypertensive Treatment in Low-Risk Patients with Mild Hypertension. Sheppard JP, Stevens S, Stevens R, Martin U, Mant J, Hobbs FDR, McManus RJ. JAMA Intern Med. October 29, 2018. (11-30-18)

Prevalence of Financial Conflicts of Interest Among Authors of Clinical Guidelines Related to High-Revenue Medications. Khan R, Scaffidi MA, Rumman A, Grindal AW, Plener IS, Grover SC. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Oct 29. and Evaluation of Industry Relationships Among Authors of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Gastroenterology. CombsTR, Scott J, Jorski A, Heavener T, Vassar M. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Oct 29. (10-30-18).

Baloxavir Marboxil for Uncomplicated Influenza in Adults and Adolescents. Hayden FG, Sugaya N, Hirotsu N, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 Sep 6;379(10):913-23. (10-25-18)

Assessment of Industry Data on Pulmonary and Immunosuppressive Effects of IQOS. Moazed F, Chun L, Matthay MA, Calfee CS, Gotts J.. Tob Control. 2018 Aug 29. pii: tobaccocontrol-2018-054296. [Epub ahead of print] (9-24-18)

Effect of Aspirin on All-Cause Mortality in the Healthy Elderly. McNeil JJ, Nelson MR, Woods RL, et al. Effect of aspirin on all-cause mortality in the healthy elderly. N Engl J Med. 2018 Sep 16. [Epub ahead of print] (9-20-18)

Improved Empirical Antibiotic Treatment of Sepsis After an Educational Intervention: The ABISS-Edusepsis Study. Ferrer R, Martínez ML, Gomà G, et al. Crit Care. 2018 Jun 22;22(1):167. (8-31-18).

Effect of Azithromycin on Airflow Decline-Free Survival After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant: The ALLOZITHRO Randomized Clinical Trial. Bergeron A, Chevret S, Granata A, et al. JAMA 2017;318(6):557-566. (8-8-18)

Depression, Antidepressant Use, and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Of Published Observational Evidence. Kunutsor SK Seidu S, Khunti K. Ann Med. 2018 Jul 12:1-17. (7-30-18)

Electronic Health Records Associated with Lower Hospital Mortality After Systems Have Time to Mature. Lin SC, Jha AK, Adler-Milstein J. Health Aff (Millwood). 2018 Jul;37(7):1128-1135. (7-12-18)

Sodium Bicarbonate Therapy for Patients with Severe Metabolic Acidaemia in the Intensive Care Unit (BICAR-ICU): A Multicentre, Open-Label, Randomised Controlled, Phase 3 Trial. Jaber S, Paugam C, Futier E, et al. Lancet. 2018 Jun 14. pii: S0140-6736(18)31080-8. (7-6-18)

Combined Analysis of Asthma Safety Trials of Long-Acting β2-Agonists. Busse WW, Bateman ED, Caplan AL, Kelly HW, O'Byrne PM, Rabe KF, Chinchilli VM. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jun 28;378(26):2497-2505. (7-5-18)

Continuity of Care with Doctors-A Matter of Life and Death? A Systematic Review of Continuity of Care and Mortality. Pereira Gray D, Sidaway-Lee K, White E, Thorne A, Evans PH. BMJ Open. 2018 Jun 28;8(6):e021161. (7-3-18)

Minimally Invasive Lung Cancer Surgery Performed by Thoracic Surgeons as Effective as Thoracotomy. Boffa DJ, Kosinski AS, Furnary AP, et al. J Clin Oncol. 2018 May 23:JCO2018778977. [Epub ahead of print] (6-30-18)

Serotonergic Antidepressant Use and Morbidity and Mortality Among Older Adults with COPD. Vozoris NT, Wang X, Austin PC, et al. Eur Respir J  2018 Jun 26. [Epub ahead of print] (6-27-18)

Associations Between American Board of Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification Status and Performance on a Set of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set Process Measures. Gray B, Vandergrift J, Landon B, Reschovsky J, Lipner R. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jun 12. [Epub ahead of print] (6-17-18)

Effects on Abstinence of Nicotine Patch Treatment Before Quitting Smoking: Parallel, Two Arm, Pragmatic Randomised Trial. The preloading investigators. BMJ. 2018 Jun 13;361:k2164. (6-15-18)

Associations Between American Board of Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification Status and Performance on a Set of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set Process Measures. Gray B, Vandergrift J, Landon B, Reschovsky J, Lipner R. Ann Intern Med. 2018. June 11, 2018. [Epub ahead of print] (6-12-18)

Impact of Primary Care Intensive Management on High-Risk Veterans' Costs and Utilization: A Randomized Quality Improvement Trial. Yoon J, Chang E, Rubenstein LV, Park A, Zulman DM, Stockdale S, Ong MK, Atkins D, Schectman G, Asch SM. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jun 5. [Epub ahead of print] (6-7-18)

Effect of Increased Inpatient Attending Physician Supervision on Medical Errors, Patient Safety, and Resident Education: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Finn KM, Metlay JP, Chang Y, Nagarur A, Yang S, Landrigan CP, Iyasere C.JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Jun 4 [Epub ahead of print]. (6-6-18)

Adjuvant Chemotherapy Guided by a 21-Gene Expression Assay in Breast Cancer. Sparano JA, Gray RJ, Makower DF, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018; June 3. (6-4-18)

Effect of Use of a Bougie vs Endotracheal Tube and Stylet on First-Attempt Intubation Success Among Patients with Difficult Airways Undergoing Emergency Intubation: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Driver BE, Prekker ME, Klein LR, Reardon RF, Miner JR, Fagerstrom ET, Cleghorn MR, McGill JW, Cole JB. JAMA. 2018 May 16. (6-1-18)

Association of Pharmaceutical Industry Marketing of Opioid Products to Physicians With Subsequent Opioid Prescribing. Hadland SE, Cerdá M, Li Y, Krieger MS, Marshall BDL. JAMA Int Med 2018; May 14. [Epub ahead of print] (5-14-18)

Low-Dose CT for the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Elderly Patients: A Prospective, Interventional Cohort Study. Prendki V, Scheffler M, Huttner B, et al. Eur Respir J. 2018 Apr 12. pii: 1702375. [Epub ahead of print] (5-4-18)

Nivolumab plus Ipilimumab in Lung Cancer with a High Tumor Mutational Burden. Hellmann MD, Ciuleanu TE, Pluzanski A, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 16 [Epub ahead of print] (4-17-18)

Four-gene Pan-African Blood Signature Predicts Progression to Tuberculosis. Suliman S, Thompson E, Sutherland J, et al. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr 6. [Epub ahead of print] (4-10-18)

A Time-Motion Study of Primary Care Physicians' Work in the Electronic Health Record Era. Young RA, Burge SK, Kumar KA, Wilson JM, Ortiz DF. Fam Med. 2018 Feb;50(2):91-9. (3-28-18)

Impact of Temporary Methotrexate Discontinuation for 2 Weeks on Immunogenicity of Seasonal Influenza Vaccination in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Randomised Clinical Trial. Park JK, Lee YJ, Shin K, Ha YJ, et al.  Ann Rheum Dis. 2018 Mar 23. pii: annrheumdis-2018-213222. (3-27-18)

Quantifying Population-Level Health Benefits and Harms of E-Cigarette Use in the United States. Soneji SS, Sung HY, Primack BA, Pierce JP, Sargent JD. PLoS One. 2018 Mar 14;13(3):e0193328. (3-15-18)

Effect of opioid vs nonopioid medications on pain-related function in patients with chronic back pain or hip or knee osteoarthritis pain: The SPACE randomized clinical trial. Krebs EE, Gravely A, Nugent S, et al. JAMA. 2018 Mar 6;319(9):872-82. (3-6-18)

Adolescent Exposure to Toxic Volatile Organic Chemicals from E-Cigarettes. Rubinstein ML, Delucchi K, Benowitz NL, et al. Pediatrics. 2018;141(4):e20173557. (3/5/18)

Electronic Cigarette Use and Progression from Experimentation to Established Smoking. Chaffee BW, Watkins SL, Glantz SA. Pediatrics. 2018;141(4):e20173594. (3/5/18)

Association of Cigarette, Cigar, and Pipe Use With Mortality Risk in the US Population. Christensen CH, Rostron B, Cosgrove C, et al. Association of Cigarette, Cigar, and Pipe Use With Mortality Risk in the US Population. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Feb 19. [Epub ahead of print] (2-22-18)

Cleaning at Home and at Work in Relation to Lung Function Decline and Airway Obstruction. Svanes Ø, Bertelsen RJ, Lygre SH, et al.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Feb 16. [Epub ahead of print] (2-20-18)

Long-term Use of Inhaled Corticosteroids in COPD and the Risk of Fracture. Gonzalez AV, Coulombe J, Ernst P, Suissa S. Chest. 2018;153(2):321-8. (2-15-18)

Prevention of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: The Multimodal Approach of the Spanish ICU “Pneumonia Zero” Program.  Álvarez-Lerma F, Palomar-Martínez M, Sánchez-García M, et al. Crit Care Med 2018;46:181-8. (2-8-18) 

Progressive Massive Fibrosis in Coal Miners From 3 Clinics in Virginia. Blackley DJ, Reynolds LE, Short C, Carson R, Storey,E, Halldin,CN, Laney AS. JAMA 2018;319(5):50-1. (2-6-18)

Low cigarette consumption and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: meta-analysis of 141 cohort studies in 55 study reports. Hackshaw A,  Morris JK, Boniface S, Tang JL, Milenković D. BMJ. 2018;360:j5855. (1-27-18)

Comparison of observed harms and expected mortality benefit for persons in the veterans health affairs lung cancer screening demonstration project. Caverly TJ, Fagerlin A, Wiener RS, Slatore CG, Tanner NT, Yun S, Hayward R. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Jan 22. [Epub ahead of print] (1-22-18)

Risk of thromboembolism in cisplatin versus carboplatin-treated patients with lung cancer. Kim ES, Baran AM, Mondo EL, et al. PLoS One. 2017 Dec 11;12(12):e0189410. (1-8-18)

Association of cardiovascular risk with inhaled long-acting bronchodilators in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A nested case-control study. Wang MT, Liou JT, Lin CW, Tsai CL, Wang YH, Hsu YJ, Lai JH. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Jan 2. [Epub ahead of print] (1-5-18)

Previously selected articles that were thought important but had received little attention were summarized under our “News” section. However, the work of publication (review, DOAJ, doi, social media, etc.) has become too arduous to do justice to these publications. Therefore, we are beginning a new section titled “News from Other Journals” where selected articles are briefly summarized. Important articles that are published in journals commonly read by pulmonologists, intensivists or sleep physicians will not necessarily be reviewed but articles that are in general medicine journals or lower impact journals that might be of interest to the practicing physician are selected. As always, there will be links to the article via CrossRef and/or PubMed.

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Sunday
Jun172018

Associations Between American Board of Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification Status and Performance on a Set of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set Process Measures

Gray B, Vandergrift J, Landon B, Reschovsky J, Lipner R. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jun 12. [Epub ahead of print] [CrossRef] [PubMed]

The authors assessed whether the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) is associated with performance on selected Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) process measures. 1260 general internists who were initially certified in 1991 were evaluated. 786 maintained their certification from 1991 to 2012 and 474 did not. The percentage of physicians whose diabetic patients completed semiannual hemoglobin A1c, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol measurement and biennial eye examinations were examined along with LDL cholesterol testing in patients with coronary heart disease (CAD LDL) and biennial mammography. The results demonstrate that maintaining certification was positively associated with physician performance scores on a set of HEDIS process measures (Figure 1).

Figure 1. Percentage of patients who completed HEDIS process measures.

An accompanying editorial by Lee Goldman points out that the changes are very modest, only mammography was associated with better outcomes (2.4 deaths per 100,000 patient-years) and MOC is expensive ($17,000 per general internist and $5.7 billion in total over 10 years).

Friday
Jun152018

Effects on Abstinence of Nicotine Patch Treatment Before Quitting Smoking: Parallel, Two Arm, Pragmatic Randomised Trial

The preloading investigators. BMJ. 2018 Jun 13;361:k2164. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

The authors examined the effectiveness of a nicotine patch worn for four weeks before a quit attempt in a randomized controlled open label trial. There were 1792 adults who were daily smokers with tobacco dependence. 899 were allocated to the preloading arm and 893 to the control arm. Biochemically validated abstinence at six months was achieved by 157/899 (17.5%) participants in the preloading arm and 129/893 (14.4%) in the control arm: difference 3.0% (95% confidence interval −0.4% to 6.4%), odds ratio 1.25 (95% confidence interval 0.97 to 1.62, P=0.08). There was an imbalance between arms in the frequency of varenicline use as post-cessation treatment, and planned adjustment for this gave an odds ratio for the effect of preloading of 1.34 (95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.73), P=0.03). The authors conclude that although evidence was insufficient to confidently show that nicotine preloading increases subsequent smoking abstinence, a beneficial effect seems to have been masked by a concurrent reduction in the use of varenicline in people using nicotine preloading.  

Tuesday
Jun122018

Associations Between American Board of Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification Status and Performance on a Set of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set Process Measures

Gray B, Vandergrift J, Landon B, Reschovsky J, Lipner R. Ann Intern Med. 2018. June 11, 2018. [Epub ahead of print] [CrossRef]

The value of the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program has been questioned as a marker of physician quality. The authors evaluated whether MOC status is associated with performance of 1260 general internists who were initially certified in 1991 and provided care for 85,931 Medicare patients between 2009 and 2012. Among the 1260 physicians, 786 maintained their certification from 1991 to 2012 and 474 did not. The mean annual percentage of HEDIS-eligible diabetic patients who completed semiannual hemoglobin A1c testing and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol measurement, measures for LDL cholesterol testing in patients with coronary heart disease and biennial mammography were higher in patients of physicians who maintained certification. Only in biennial eye examinations was there no significant difference between physicians who maintained certification and those who did not. The authors conclude that maintaining certification was positively associated with physician performance scores on a set of process measures. 

Tuesday
Jun122018

Associations Between American Board of Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification Status and Performance on a Set of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set Process Measures

Gray B, Vandergrift J, Landon B, Reschovsky J, Lipner R. Ann Intern Med. 2018. June 11, 2018. [Epub ahead of print] [CrossRef]

 

The value of the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program has been questioned as a marker of physician quality. The authors evaluated whether MOC status is associated with performance of 1260 general internists who were initially certified in 1991 and provided care for 85,931 Medicare patients between 2009 and 2012. Among the 1260 physicians, 786 maintained their certification from 1991 to 2012 and 474 did not. The mean annual percentage of HEDIS-eligible diabetic patients who completed semiannual hemoglobin A1c testing and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol measurement, measures for LDL cholesterol testing in patients with coronary heart disease and biennial mammography were higher in patients of physicians who maintained certification. Only in biennial eye examinations was there no significant difference between physicians who maintained certification and those who did not. The authors conclude that maintaining certification was positively associated with physician performance scores on a set of process measures.

Thursday
Jun072018

Impact of Primary Care Intensive Management on High-Risk Veterans' Costs and Utilization: A Randomized Quality Improvement Trial

Yoon J, Chang E, Rubenstein LV, Park A, Zulman DM, Stockdale S, Ong MK, Atkins D, Schectman G, Asch SM. Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jun 5. [Epub ahead of print] [CrossRef] [PubMed]

The authors assessed whether augmenting usual primary care with team-based intensive management lowers utilization and costs in patients at high risk for hospitalization. Locally tailored intensive management programs were created providing care coordination, goals assessment, health coaching, medication reconciliation, and home visits through an interdisciplinary team. 2210 patients were randomly assigned, 1105 to intensive management and 1105 to usual care. Patients had a mean age of 63 years and an average of 7 chronic conditions; 90% were men. From the pre- to post-randomization periods, mean inpatient costs decreased more for the intensive management than the usual care group (-$2164 [95% CI, -$7916 to $3587]). However, outpatient costs increased more for the intensive management than the usual care group ($2636 [CI, $524 to $4748]), driven by greater use of primary care, home care, telephone care, and telehealth. After adjustment for patient demographic factors and health conditions diagnosed during the year before randomization, total healthcare costs for patients in the intervention group were $471 higher than in the control group. Limitations of the study were that sites took up to several months to contact eligible patients, limiting the time between treatment and outcome assessment and it is unclear whether all costs were assessed, such as personnel costs. The authors conclude that high-risk patients with access to an intensive management program received more outpatient care but may actually modestly increase costs.  

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